The Trait Situation Debate
  1. There's scant evidence for stability, so there can't be traits, only situational control [2]
  2. There's only interactions [3]
  3. Reply: [1], [5]
  4. “Update: I didn't say it, but I have not changed my mind - personality cannot be inside people” [4]

What are situations?

Sherman 2015 says there are 8 (acronym DIAMONDS)

  1. Duty : Does work need to be done?
  2. Intellect : Is deep cognitive information processing required?
  3. Adversity : Is someone under threat?
  4. Mating : Does the situation involve romantic potential?
  5. pOsitivity : Is the situation enjoyable?
  6. Negativity : Could the situation cause emotional turmoil?
  7. Deception : Can we trust each other?
  8. Sociality : Is meaningful social interaction and relationship building possible?

Haidt Emphasizes Three core situations

  • Can I Learn?
  • Am I under threat?
  • Am in a relationship with this person?
1. Kenrick, D. T. and Funder, D. C. (1988). Profiting from controversy. Lessons from the person-situation debate. American Psychologist, 43. 23-34. doi. PMID.
2. Mischel, W. (1968). Personality and assessment. New York, Wiley.
3. Mischel, W. (2004). Toward an integrative science of the person. Annual Review of Psychology, 55. 1-22. doi. PMID.
4. Mischel, W. (2009). From Personality and Assessment (1968) to Personality Science, 2009. Journal of Research in Personality, 53. 282-290. doi.
5. Mischel, W., Ayduk, O., Berman, M. G., Casey, B. J., Gotlib, I. H., Jonides, J., Kross, E., Teslovich, T., Wilson, N. L., Zayas, V. and Shoda, Y. (2011). 'Willpower' over the life span: decomposing self-regulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6. 252-256. doi. PMID.