Personality Change And Development

Personality Change

  • Roberts, B. W., Luo, J., Briley, D. A., Chow, P. I., Su, R., & Hill, P. L. (2017). A systematic review of personality trait change through intervention. Psychol Bull, 143(2), 117-141. doi:10.1037/bul0000088
  • Roberts, B. W., & Mroczek, D. (2008). Personality trait change in adulthood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17(1), 31-35. doi:,%202008.pdf
  • Damian, R. I., Spengler, M., Sutu, A., & Roberts, B. W. (2018). Sixteen going on sixty-six: A longitudinal study of personality stability and change across 50 years. J Pers Soc Psychol. doi:10.1037/pspp0000210

Age trajectory

  • Josefsson, K., Jokela, M., Cloninger, C. R., Hintsanen, M., Salo, J., Hintsa, T., Pulkki-Raback, L. and Keltikangas-Jarvinen, L. (2013). Maturity and change in personality: developmental trends of temperament and character in adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 25. 713-727. doi. PMID. pdf
  • Löckenhoff, C. E., Terracciano, A., Bienvenu, O. J., Patriciu, N. S., Nestadt, G., McCrae, R. R., Eaton, W. W. and Costa P.T., J. (2008). Ethnicity, education, and the temporal stability of personality traits in the East Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. Journal of Research in Personality, 42. 577-598. doi. PMID.
  • Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., Brant, L. J. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2005). Hierarchical linear modeling analyses of the NEO-PI-R scales in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Psychology and Aging, 20. 493-506. doi. PMID.
  • Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2006). Longitudinal trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman temperament survey data: results from the Baltimore longitudinal study of aging. Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 61. P108-116. doi]. PMID.
  • Roberts, B. W. and DelVecchio, W. F. (2000). The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 126. 3-25. doi]. PMID.
  • Costa, P. T., Jr. and McCrae, R. R. (2006). Age changes in personality and their origins: Comment on Roberts, Walton, and Viechtbauer (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132. 26-28. doi. [<Go to ISI>://000234946500002 PMID].


  • Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E. and Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132. 1-25. doi. PMID.
  • Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E. and Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Personality traits change in adulthood: Reply to Costa and McCrae (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132. 29-32. doi. [<Go to ISI>://000234946500003 PMID].

Striving and change

  • Rohrer, J. M., Richter, D., Brummer, M., Wagner, G. G., & Schmukle, S. C. (2018). Successfully Striving for Happiness: Socially Engaged Pursuits Predict Increases in Life Satisfaction. Psychol Sci, 29(8), 1291-1298. doi:10.1177/0956797618761660

Drugs therapy and change?

  • Terracciano, A., Lockenhoff, C. E., Zonderman, A. B., Ferrucci, L. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2008). Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousness. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70. 621-627. doi. PMID.
  • Bagby, R. M., Quilty, L. C., Segal, Z. V., McBride, C. C., Kennedy, S. H. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2008). Personality and differential treatment response in major depression: A randomized controlled trial comparing cognitive-behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53. 361-370. doi]. PMID.
  • De Fruyt, F., Bartels, M., Van Leeuwen, K. G., De Clercq, B., Decuyper, M. and Mervielde, I. (2006). Five types of personality continuity in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91. 538-552. doi. PMID.