Personality Change And Development

Age trajectory

  • Josefsson et al 2013 [4]
  • Löckenhoff et al. (2008) [5]
  • Terracciano, McCrae, Brant, & Costa (2005) [9]
  • Terracciano, McCrae, & Costa (2006) [10]
  • Roberts & DelVecchio (2000) [6]
  • Costa & McCrae (2006)) [2]


  • Roberts, Walton, & Viechtbauer (2006a) [7]
  • Roberts, Walton, & Viechtbauer (2006b) [8]

Drugs therapy and change?

  • Psychiatric study SSRIs
  • Terracciano, Lockenhoff, Zonderman, Ferrucci, & Costa (2008) [11]
  • Bagby et al. (2008) [1]
  • De Fruyt et al. (2006). [3]
1. Bagby, R. M., Quilty, L. C., Segal, Z. V., McBride, C. C., Kennedy, S. H. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2008). Personality and differential treatment response in major depression: A randomized controlled trial comparing cognitive-behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53. 361-370. doi]. PMID.
2. Costa, P. T., Jr. and McCrae, R. R. (2006). Age changes in personality and their origins: Comment on Roberts, Walton, and Viechtbauer (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132. 26-28. doi. [<Go to ISI>:000234946500002 PMID].
3. De Fruyt, F., Bartels, M., Van Leeuwen, K. G., De Clercq, B., Decuyper, M. and Mervielde, I. (2006). Five types of personality continuity in childhood and adolescence. //Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91. 538-552. doi. PMID.
4. Josefsson, K., Jokela, M., Cloninger, C. R., Hintsanen, M., Salo, J., Hintsa, T., Pulkki-Raback, L. and Keltikangas-Jarvinen, L. (2013). Maturity and change in personality: developmental trends of temperament and character in adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 25. 713-727. doi. PMID. pdf
5. Löckenhoff, C. E., Terracciano, A., Bienvenu, O. J., Patriciu, N. S., Nestadt, G., McCrae, R. R., Eaton, W. W. and Costa P.T., J. (2008). Ethnicity, education, and the temporal stability of personality traits in the East Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. Journal of Research in Personality, 42. 577-598. doi. PMID.
6. Roberts, B. W. and DelVecchio, W. F. (2000). The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 126. 3-25. doi]. PMID.
7. Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E. and Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132. 1-25. doi. PMID.
8. Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E. and Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Personality traits change in adulthood: Reply to Costa and McCrae (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132. 29-32. doi. [<Go to ISI>:000234946500003 PMID].
9. Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., Brant, L. J. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2005). Hierarchical linear modeling analyses of the NEO-PI-R scales in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. //Psychology and Aging, 20. 493-506. doi. PMID.
10. Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2006). Longitudinal trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman temperament survey data: results from the Baltimore longitudinal study of aging. Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 61. P108-116. doi]. PMID.
11. Terracciano, A., Lockenhoff, C. E., Zonderman, A. B., Ferrucci, L. and Costa, P. T., Jr. (2008). Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousness. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70. 621-627. doi. PMID.