Genetic And Familial Influences On Personality


  • Bouchard, T. J. and McGue, M. (2003). Genetic and environmental influences on human psychological differences. Journal of Neurobiology, 54. 4–45. doi. PMID.
  • Bouchard, T. J. and Loehlin, J. C. (2001). Genes, evolution, and personality. Behavior Genetics, 31. 243-273. doi]. [<Go to ISI>://000171813000001 PMID]. (wide ranging and packed with important ideas)
  • Turkheimer, E., Pettersson, E., & Horn, E. E. (2014). A Phenotypic Null Hypothesis for the Genetics of Personality. In The Annual Review of Psychology (Vol. 65, pp. 515-540).

Family effects

  • Bates, T. C., Maher, B. S., Colodro-Conde, L., Medland, S. E., McAloney, K., Wright, M. J., … Gillespie, N. A. (2019). Social Competence in Parents Increases Children's Educational Attainment: Replicable Genetically-Mediated Effects of Parenting Revealed by Non-Transmitted DNA. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 22(1), 1-3. doi:10.1017/thg.2018.75
  • Bates, T. C., Maher, B. S., Medland, S. E., McAloney, K., Wright, M. J., Hansell, N. K., … Gillespie, N. A. (2018). The Nature of Nurture: Using a Virtual-Parent Design to Test Parenting Effects on Children's Educational Attainment in Genotyped Families. Twin Res Hum Genet, 21(2), 73-83. doi:10.1017/thg.2018.11
  • Burt, S. A. (2009). Rethinking environmental contributions to child and adolescent psychopathology: a meta-analysis of shared environmental influences. Psychological Bulletin, 135. 608-637. doi. PMID.
  • Harris, J. R. (1995). Where Is the Childs Environment - a Group Socialization Theory of Development. Psychological Review, 102. 458-489. doi. [<Go to ISI>:WOS:A1995RL52000002 PMID].
  • Lewis, G. J. and Bates, T. C. (2013). Common genetic influences underpin religiosity, community integration, and existential uncertainty. //Journal of Research in Personality, 47. 398-405. doi. PMID].
  • Young, A. I., Benonisdottir, S., Przeworski, M., & Kong, A. (2019). Deconstructing the sources of genotype-phenotype associations in humans. Science, 365(6460), 1396-1400. doi:10.1126/science.aax3710
  • Kong, A., Thorleifsson, G., Frigge, M. L., Vilhjalmsson, B. J., Young, A. I., Thorgeirsson, T. E., … Stefansson, K. (2018). The nature of nurture: Effects of parental genotypes. Science, 359(6374), 424-428. doi:10.1126/science.aan6877

GxE and G-E covariation

  • Tucker-Drob, E. M., & Bates, T. C. (2016). Large Cross-National Differences in Gene x Socioeconomic Status Interaction on Intelligence. Psychological Science, 27(2), 138-149. doi:10.1177/0956797615612727
  • Turkheimer, E. and Waldron, M. (2000). Nonshared Environment: A Theoretical, Methodological, and Quantitative Review. Psychological Bulletin, 126. 78-108. doi]. PMID].
  • Plomin, R. (2011). Commentary: Why are children in the same family so different? Non-shared environment three decades later. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40. 582-592. doi. PMID.
  • Plomin, R. and Daniels, D. (2011). Why are children in the same family so different from one another? International Journal of Epidemiology, 40. 563-582. doi. PMID.
  • Bates, T. C., Lewis, G. J. and Weiss, A. (2013). Childhood Socioeconomic Status Amplifies Genetic Effects on Adult Intelligence. Psychological Sciencedoi. PMID.
  • Scarr, S. and McCartney, K. (1983). How People Make Their Own Environments - a Theory of Genotype-Environment Effects. Child Development, 54. 424-435. doi]. [<Go to ISI>:A1983QL08700016 PMID].
  • Baumrind, D. (1994). The average expectable environment is not good enough: A response to Scarr. //Child Development, 64. 1299-1317. doi. PMID].
  • Briley, D. A., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2017). Comparing the Developmental Genetics of Cognition and Personality over the life Span. Journal of Personality , 85(1), 51-64.