Alternatives To Traits

Personal Stories and Narrative

  • Dan McAdams

Learning orientation

Unconscious influences

  • Claimed semantic priming effects, e.g. of money but see Pashler paper:
  • Rohrer, D., Pashler, H., & Harris, C. R. (2015). Do subtle reminders of money change people's political views? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(4), e73-85. doi:10.1037/xge0000058

Socioeconomic Status (SES)

  • Piff (2012) (but not replicated)

Various ideas in Blink etc


  • Simons, D. J., Boot, W. R., Charness, N., Gathercole, S. E., Chabris, C. F., Hambrick, D. Z., & Stine-Morrow, E. A. (2016). Do "Brain-Training" Programs Work? Psychol Sci Public Interest, 17(3), 103-186. doi:10.1177/1529100616661983
  • Macnamara, B. N., Hambrick, D. Z., & Moreau, D. (2016). How Important Is Deliberate Practice? Reply to Ericsson (2016). Perspect Psychol Sci, 11(3), 355-358. doi:10.1177/1745691616635614

Macnamara, B. N., Moreau, D., & Hambrick, D. Z. (2016). The Relationship Between Deliberate Practice and Performance in Sports: A Meta-Analysis. Perspect Psychol Sci, 11(3), 333-350. doi:10.1177/1745691616635591 [link]